Urban and Regional Planning
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The Department of Urban and Regional Planning was formally established as a separate department in May 1990 as
one of the five member-departments of the Faculty of Environmental Sciences. Nonetheless, Urban and Regional
Planning was one of the disciplines within the Department of Environmental Sciences in the School of Engineering
in 1977, and became a division of the department of Architecture and Town Planning created, in 1982 in the
Faculty of Environmental Sciences.
The Urban and Regional Planning Programme started as a two year University Diploma course in 1977. In 1982, the
four year degree programme leading to the award of B. Tech degree in Town Planning was introduced. But now,
Urban and Regional Planning is a five year degree programme with B. Tech and this is to qualify students as Town
The Diploma programme was phased out from the Department at the end of the 1989/90 academic session.
The Urban and Regional programme is designed to equip students with qualitative, quantitative and design skills
so that they become efficient and functional physical planners; FIRST TO DEAL WITH THE PECULIARITIES OF THE
Niger Delta environment and then society in general. To this end, the programme incorporates special course in
Coastal Zone Management and Disaster Risk Management.
Urban and Regional (or physical) planning is concerned with change in the physical environment. The analysis of
such change also falls within the province of other applied scientists (including geographers, sociologists,
However, the distinctive feature of urban and regional planning is that it does not set out merely to analyse
change but also actively engages in its prevention, control or promotion. Urban and regional planning is
therefore mainly prescriptive in orientation.
The traditional concerns of urban and regional planning are:
(i) The use of land to the best advantage.
(ii) The maximum improvement in physical conditions that can be obtained within the limits of available
resources in accordance with human needs and priorities.
(iii) The creation of surroundings of quality and beauty that will inspire and enrich human existence at home,
at work and at leisure.
(iv) The conservation of natural resources and beauty and the worthwhile historical and architectural endeavours
Urban and regional planning as a professional activity has been succinctly summarised as the art and science of
ordering the use of land and setting of buildings and communication routes, so as to secure the maximum
practicable degree of economy, convenience, and beauty. It is based on human purpose to create healthy
environments; the dynamics of rapid social and economic change and how these translate to physical planning
Nigeria’s urban and rural areas, - especially in big cities – increase the importance of urban and regional
This programme aims at producing competent professionals who should be able to direct the following operations:
(i) Preparation of Development plans for towns, villages, and regions.
(ii) Preparation of town expansion schemes.
(iii) Control of development.
(iv) Preparation of Site Layout Plans for residential, commercial, industrial, recreational and other
(v) Preparation of schemes for urban renewal.
(vi) Carrying out of feasibility, impact, and socio-economic studies in relation to proposed development
(vii) Carrying out of research into the problems of the physical environment to provide a basis for policy